Organic Chemistry: Determining Structure from Name

What is the chemical formula for octanol?


Prefix Number of carbons
meth 1
Eth 2
prop 3
but 4
pent 5
hex 6
hept 7
oct 8
non 9
dec 10

Suffix Bond-Type
-ane normal bond
-ene double bond
yne triple bond
-anol alcohol (-O-H)

From the name, Octanol, we get “8 carbons, 1 oxygen, 1 hydrogen”
Fill with hydrogens

Count -> 8 carbons, 18 hydrogens, 1 oxygen
*Seperate the -OH to show the functional group