Categories of Organic Compounds
An organic compound is: a covalently bonded compound that contains carbon excluding carbonates and oxides.
There are 4 major types of organic compounds.
- contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
- can be energy sources or structural sources
- exist as monosaccharides, disaccharides, polysaccharides
- chains of amino acids made of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen
- Examples: hair, horns, enzymes
- large number of carbon hydrogen bonds, nonpolar bodies, polar head, store energy
- Examples: wakes, steroids, triglycerides, phospholipids
4. Nucleic Acids:
- large complex information
- storage molecules
- 2 types: DNA and RNA
- consist of nitrogenous bases, phosphate groups, and 5 carbon sugars